Physiotherapy For the Shoulder

The human arm’s purpose is to allow the hand to be placed in useful places so that it can perform tasks that are visible to the eyes. Because of the wide range of postures necessary, the shoulder is extremely flexible and has a wide range of motion, although this comes at the sacrifice of some strength and stability. The shoulder is frequently referred to be a “soft tissue joint,” implying that the tendons, muscles, and ligaments play an essential role in the joint’s function. Treatment and rehabilitation of the shoulder is a key physiotherapy skill.Do you want to learn more? Visit Wolli Creek Podiatry clinic

Physiotherapy - Cambridge Shoulder

The gleno-humeral joint is made up of the humeral ball and the glenoid surface, which is the socket of the shoulder blade. The humeral head, located at the top of the arm bone, is massive and houses many of the tendon insertions necessary for shoulder stability and mobility. The glenoid, or socket, is a small and shallow socket for the huge ball, but it is slightly deepened by the glenoid labrum, a fibrocartilage rim. The acromio-clavicular joint is a stabilising strut for arm movement that connects the outer end of the collar bone to a portion of the shoulder blade.

Large, strong prime mover muscles, as well as lesser stabiliser muscles, act on the glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints of the upper limb. The thoracic stabilisers maintain the scapula stable so that the rotator cuff may function on a stable humeral head, while the primary back and hip muscles keep the shoulder stable to allow forceful movements. The deltoid may then perform shoulder movements against a firm basis, allowing for accurate placement and control of the arm for optimal hand function.

Around the shoulder, all of the muscles condense into flat, fibrous tendons, some of which are thicker and stronger than others. All of these tendons connect to the humeral head, allowing their muscles to move the shoulder. The subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor are all tiny shoulder muscles that make up the rotator cuff. The tendons cover the ball in a large sheet, allowing muscle forces to operate on it. Despite its name, the rotator cuff holds the humeral head in place in the socket, allowing the more strong muscles to perform shoulder movements.